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Land Uganda Viel Wasser in Uganda

Hauptstadt und größte Stadt. Allgemein Uganda ist ein ostafrikanisches Land, das am Nordufer des Viktoriasees, dem gößten See Afrikas, gelegen ist. Der Name des Landes leitet sich ab. Land & Leute in Uganda. auf dem Markt in Gisenyi in Ruanda. Ugandas Hauptstadt Kampala und der Einreiseflughafen Entebbe liegen nahe den lange. Uganda grenzt im Süden an Ruanda und Tansania, im Westen an die Demokratische Republik Kongo, den im Norden an Südsudan und im. Im Hochland Ugandas herrscht tropisches Klima. Maramagambo-Wald, der Teil des Queen-Elizabeth-Nationalparks im Süden des Landes.

Land Uganda

Uganda grenzt im Süden an Ruanda und Tansania, im Westen an die Demokratische Republik Kongo, den im Norden an Südsudan und im. Land & Leute in Uganda. auf dem Markt in Gisenyi in Ruanda. Ugandas Hauptstadt Kampala und der Einreiseflughafen Entebbe liegen nahe den lange. Reise- und Sicherheitshinweise und Adressen zuständiger diplomatischer Vertretungen. Außerdem: Informationen zur Politik und zu den bilateralen. Reise- und Sicherheitshinweise und Adressen zuständiger diplomatischer Vertretungen. Außerdem: Informationen zur Politik und zu den bilateralen. Rund Menschen haben bereits an Schulungen zum Thema Landrechte teilgenommen. Parzellen wurden vermessen, um Land- und. Das Land Uganda. Uganda ist ein Binnenstaat in Ostafrika und liegt auf Äquatorhöhe. Die Landschaft wird teils durch Savannen, teils durch üppige Wälder und. Uganda. Einwohner: 27,, Uganda (or), officially the Republic of Uganda, is a landlocked country in East Africa. Uganda is bordered on the east by Kenya.

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National Anthem of Uganda (English) Genauere Informationen über die Terrorgefahr finden sich in den länderspezifischen Reise- und Sicherheitshinweisen. Erkundigen Sie sich vor Besuchen der ugandischen Nationalparks im Südwesten und Westen unbedingt über die aktuelle Sicherheitslage vor Ort. Es werden Angebote zur praxisorientierten beruflichen Aus- und Weiterbildung, click here für kleine und mittlere Betriebe, entwickelt und Startup-Projekte unterstützt. Es ist als teilweise unabhängige Provinz noch heute Teil von Uganda und liegt innerhalb des Gebietes des Staates Uganda. Bereichsnavigation Navigation Suche. Thema: Ländliche Entwicklung und Ernährungssicherung. Knapp ein Zehntel bekennen sich zum sunnitischen Islam. Bei der Rangliste der Read articlewelche von Reporter ohne Grenzen herausgegeben wird, belegte Uganda Platz von Ländern. So konnte die Zahl der Prüfverfahren des Rechnungshofes bereits um mehr als 35 Prozent https://aynews.co/online-casino-canada/beste-spielothek-in-klost-neuendorf-finden.php werden. Mehr als Organisationen wurden als potenzielle Partner identifiziert, article source wurde bereits eine Zusammenarbeit vereinbart. In den er Jahren kam ein gelenkter Dekolonisierungsprozess in Gang, es entstanden Parteien und ein Kongress. Nach dem plötzlichen Angriff ugandischer Wettprognosen FuГџball Heute auf Tansania click to see more, bei dem Idi Amin die Annexion des Kagera -Gebietes im Nordwesten Tansanias beabsichtigte, wurde nach dem tansanischen Gegenangriff im April die Hauptstadt Kampala unter der Mitwirkung von ugandischen Rebellenverbänden, unter denen auch der heutige Staatschef Yoweri Museveni war, erobert.

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The Ministry of Agriculture, Animal Industries and Fisheries affects water resources management: agriculture through irrigation and land use practices in relation to soil erosion; veterinary services through run-off of chemicals from cattle dips; and fisheries through the intake and discharge of fish ponds.

The East African Community, Nile Basin Initiative, and other regional bodies have responsibilities for the management of transboundary water bodies and water ways.

High source development costs, rapid population growth, increased urbanization and industrialization, environmental degradation and pollution are leading to degradation and depletion of available water resources.

Areas of concern include: 1 inadequate water quantity and accessibility; 2 poor water quality; 3 poor watershed management; 4 inadequate institutional capacity; and 5 international water rights Syngellakis and Arudo There is also considerable spatial distribution of water resources.

In some areas, flooding routinely displaces people and destroys property. In other areas, surface water resources are seasonal and exploitable groundwater is limited GOU b.

Access to improved water sources in rural areas rose from The government and donors have made substantial investments in the water sector.

Many development partners finance the water sector through general budget support, which gives government a high degree of flexibility in allocating financial resources.

The primary instrument for sector financing is budget support directly to local governments through inter-governmental grants. Effective, efficient and sustainable delivery of water and sanitation services will require enhanced capacity of responsible institutions.

Government is building the capacity of institutions and local governments and promoting increased private sector and community participation GOU The Lake Victoria Environment Management Project, funded by the Global Environment Facility, aims to restore the lake ecosystem to maximize benefits to the riparian communities.

The Operational Water Resources Management in the Nile Basin project, supported by Italy and the Food and Agriculture Organization FAO , aims to facilitate the adoption of adequate, harmonized national water policies in the Nile Basin states for integrated river basin management and the allocation of transboundary water resources GOU b.

The Mitigation of Lake Kyoga Flooding Project, supported by Egypt, aims to dredge sudds floating land masses from Lake Kyoga and restore the natural channel of flow.

Figures on forest coverage vary. According to the government, forests cover 4. Tropical high forests cover , hectares, woodlands 3,, hectares, and plantations 35, hectares GOU According to the World Bank, however, forests covered only Uganda has more than 5, species of plants and species of amphibians, birds, mammals and reptiles mammals, 1, birds —1.

There are an unknown number of on-farm plantations, agroforestry systems and private small-scale woodlots.

Most timber is consumed locally; a ministerial ban on timber exports was imposed in Odokonyero ; Mwima et al. Forest cover declined by The major declines were in woodlands and plantations.

The decline, expected to continue, is principally due to agriculture, cutting for fuelwood and, increasingly, to industrial activities Tenywa c.

Most destruction is taking place on private land, although the government is increasingly looking at land in the protected estate for economic development purposes.

According to the National Forestry Authority, Uganda loses about 80, hectares annually Tenywa a. Several Reserves, including urban and peri-urban Reserves, are under threat of degazettement for foreign investment, industrial development and housing purposes GOU d.

Various land conflicts are taking place in forested protected areas and many indigenous people have been evicted from their traditional forests.

In the mids, many multiple-use Forest Reserves were uplifted into fully-protected National Parks. The Benet were removed from the Mount Elgon National Park and are now seeking to reclaim their traditional lands.

Numerous instances of violence and excessive use of force by soldiers and protected area enforcement personnel have been documented. There are reports of combined forces of UPDF, Uganda police, local militia, and hired youth sweeping through an area, beating and threatening people in several communities.

Eyewitnesses report that local police officials hire unemployed youths from outlying trading centers, issue sticks and clubs, and authorize the youth to participate in such sweeps.

Several instances of beating and at least one rape have been reported. Arguably, the use of the military in what are essentially tenure disputes exacerbates the conflicts and fosters increasing resistance to any mediation.

The National Forestry Policy established the goal of an integrated forest sector that achieves sustainable increases in the economic, social, and environmental benefits from forests and trees.

The National Forest Plan objectives are to: 1 raise the incomes and quality of life of poor people through forestry developments; 2 increase economic productivity and employment in forest sector; and 3 achieve sustainable forest resource management.

The National Forestry and Tree Planting Act provides for the: 1 conservation, sustainable management and development of forests; 2 declaration of forest reserves for purposes of protection and production; 3 the enhancement of the productive capacity of forests; 4 promotion of tree planting; 5 consolidation of law; and 6 establishment of the National Forest Authority and the District Forestry Office under the Forestry Inspection Division.

Only a small area is in Local Forest Reserves. Unaccountable institutions public and customary , population pressure and poor access to markets are causes of land conversion to agriculture and loss of trees there are also numerous examples of customary management and sustainable use of forests in Uganda.

However, private ownership of converted land promotes integration of trees and crops agroforestry Place and Otsuka The government is encouraging private forest owners to register their forests—under the National Forestry and Tree Planting Act —in order to protect their rights of use Mwima et al.

Renewable year licenses are issued for small-scale private tree farming and year licenses for large-scale commercial private tree farming in Central Forest Reserves GOU c.

Logs are then publicly auctioned GOU d; Odokonyero However, chief constraints in this process include the limited availability of NFA resources and staff to work with CLA groups and provide timely feedback on management plans, by-laws, and other documents required of CLAs intending to engage in forest management.

District registrars are mandated to work with community groups to assist them in the process of establishing a CLA, but they often have insufficient resources or time to register all the groups requesting CLA status.

In addition, remote and poor districts remain without registrars, due to the difficulty of attracting qualified candidates from urban areas.

Without a registrar, the CLA registration process is unable to go forward. The Forestry Inspection Division Ministry for Water, Lands and Environment is responsible for policy making, standard setting, national planning, regulation, coordination, inspection and monitoring from source to market , resource mobilization, and back-up technical support to districts.

The District Forestry Services under the Local District Administration are responsible for forestry extension although forestry extension is technically part of the National Agricultural Advisory Services extension under the Ministry of Agriculture Animal Industries and Fisheries.

The Services are crippled due to lack of funding. The district forestry officials are responsible for regulating the cutting of trees on private land and overseeing the management of Local Forest Reserves.

The Environment Minister, however, has requested that district authorities—specifically, the district forestry officials—should no longer be allowed to grant permits for cutting trees because the permits are used by loggers to cut down trees in Central Forest Reserves Tenywa a.

The Uganda Forest Working Group is an informal network of civil society organizations, academic and research institutions formed in The Uganda Timber Growers Association advocates on behalf of the forest industries.

Key challenges include: 1 encroachment of the reserved forests; 2 poor management of the forested estate; 3 degradation of forests outside the protected estate; 4 illegal logging and trade; 5 limited planting and maintenance of trees; 6 weak technical assistance; 7 weak partnership with stakeholders; and 8 limited capacity of government agents GOU d.

The demand for many forest products outstrips the supply. The government is encouraging people to plant trees on their farms and to invest in tree farming as a business.

The Authority is also working with the European Union to establish more quality plantations for timber production to meet the growing demand.

The government has worked closely with Britain, Norway, Germany, the United Nations Development Programme, the Food and Agriculture Organization, and the European Union to reform the forestry sector, implement new policies and plans, and build the capacity of government forestry agencies.

USAID and the World Bank were instrumental in uplifting the legal status of several forest reserves into national parks in the mid—s.

The World Bank supports the Uganda Wildlife Authority and other government bodies with forest management roles.

USAID has made significant biodiversity conservation investments in western Uganda, and is currently designing a new initiative in this area.

World Bank and Global Environment Facility funds helped to establish the Mgahinga and Bwindi Impenetrable Forest Conservation Trust to support the two national parks and surrounding areas.

The Trust has purchased acres for the Batwa people. Several NGOs support the Batwa. Several faith-based organizations have purchased land for the Batwa.

Uganda has the potential for world-class discoveries but its mineral potential remains untested due to little exploration. Large-scale mechanized commercial gold mining is underway in Tira and Mubende District, while smaller operations are underway at Buhweju and Kaabong Adfero Gold is mined by artisans at a variety of locations.

The mines will be sold and privatized this year Sseppuya Commercially viable quantities of oil have been discovered in western Uganda.

Nine oil prospecting blocks have been established on the border with the Democratic Republic of Congo, from Sudan south to near the Rwanda border.

Five blocks have been allocated to oil companies for prospecting purposes. A number of protected areas are partly or wholly inside the oil blocks and drilling is taking place in a number of parks.

Access to minerals and petroleum contribute to conflicts in the Great Lake Region. The international boundary in Lake Albert is in dispute and has led to the deaths of many people.

The Mineral Policy objectives are to: 1 stimulate private investment; 2 ensure that mineral wealth supports national development; 3 regularize and improve artisanal and small-scale mining; 4 minimize and mitigate the adverse social and environmental impact of exploitation; 5 encourage female participation in the mineral sector and discourage child labor; 6 strengthen national manpower and institutional capacity; and 7 increase mineral trade and exports GOU e.

The Act is undergoing revision; proposals include increasing the duration of licenses and the size of exploration areas, and lowering royalty rates Tuhumwire The Petroleum Exploration and Production Act of makes provisions for the exploration and production of petroleum.

The Petroleum Supply Act of provides for: 1 the supervision, monitoring, importation, exportation, transportation, processing, supply, storage, distribution and marketing of petroleum products; and 2 the establishment of the Ministry responsible for the petroleum sector.

The National Oil and Gas Policy guides the development of the oil and gas sector, the drafting of a bill, and establishment of an institutional authority to manage the sector.

The Policy is designed to: 1 ensure efficient and effective management of oil and gas resources; 2 encourage transparency in the management and operations of the industry; and 3 ensure that oil revenues are properly managed and utilized to create new wealth Museveni Two new petroleum bills that will address downstream petroleum matters, including revenue management and allocation are currently being developed by government.

All minerals and petroleum resources are vested in the government on the justification that it facilitates extraction and promotes national development.

The exploration and exploitation of minerals can only be carried out after the granting of a license. A separate permit is required to utilize natural water resources for mining purposes.

A Prospecting License is for any mineral exploration activities, is valid for a period of one year and can be area specific or mineral specific.

An Exclusive Prospecting License can be issued with the authority of a Prospecting License for a maximum area of The government can also grant a Special Exclusive Prospecting License for a minimum area of Both licenses can be area or mineral specific, are valid for one year, and are renewable.

A Location Lease is issued for small-scale operators, limited to a maximum area of 16 hectares, and valid for one year renewable.

A Mining Lease is granted for areas not exceeding hectares and is valid for a period of up to 21 years renewable. The Mineral Dealers License allows a person or company to purchase, process and trade in specific minerals, and is valid until 31 December of the year of issue.

The Mining Act requires exploiters to acquire exclusive rights to the land ownership by way of leases or other title-conferring interests concessions for industrial mining.

The number of licenses given to artisanal and small scale miners has also risen to in from in GOU e. Unlike for mining, the Petroleum Act requires the holder of a license to seek the consent of the lawful occupier of the land before the holder can exercise the rights enshrined in the license.

The Ministry of Energy and Mineral Development is responsible for policy formulation and implementation. The Geological Survey and Mines Department is mandated to: 1 collect, analyze and disseminate geoscience data; 2 monitor operators and enforce regulations; and 3 develop professionals capable of generating and utilizing available geoscience data.

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They were followed in the s by British explorers searching for the source of the Nile. Uganda has significant water click here, but these resources are not evenly distributed across the landscape. The government has sought unsuccessfully, to date to change the law to allow the president to acquire land without first paying compensation GOU b; Tumushabe and Bainomugisha b. These are acres of land for…,… Know More. Uganda Vision vows to strengthen the private sector, improve education and training, modernise infrastructure and the underdeveloped services and agriculture sectors, foster industrialisation and promote good governance, among other goals.

Land Uganda Video

UGANDA VLOG 2 -- LAND AND PROPERTY Im Februar umfasste das Kabinett insgesamt 75 Ministerinnen und Minister, deren Kompetenzen sich zum Teil überschnitten. Die vom Präsidenten ernannte Regierung besteht aus 81 Ministern und Staatsministern. Aprilabgerufen am 1. Kriminalität Die Kriminalitätsrate ist erhöht. Zur Datenschutzinformation Ich stimme zu. Augustabgerufen am Weitere Seen liegen in der Mitte Spielothek in im Gebinge finden Landes.

However, there were also major divisions within his palace that made it difficult for him to act effectively against Obote. By the time Uganda had become independent, Buganda "was a divided house with contending social and political forces" [36] There were however problems brewing inside the UPC.

As its ranks swelled, the ethnic, religious, regional and personal interests began to shake the party. The party's apparent strength was eroded in a complex sequence of factional conflicts in its central and regional structures.

And by , the UPC was tearing itself apart. The conflicts were further intensified by the newcomers who had crossed the parliamentary floor from DP and KY.

The UPC delegates arrived in Gulu in for their delegates conference. Here was the first demonstration as to how Obote was losing control of his party.

The battle over the Secretary General of the party was a bitter contest between the new moderate's candidate — Grace Ibingira and the radical John Kakonge.

Ibingira subsequently became the symbol of the opposition to Obote within the UPC. This is an important factor when looking at the subsequent events that led to the crisis between Buganda and the Central government.

Keen observers realised the UPC was not a cohesive unit. In The government responded to demands from some parts of the vast Buganda Kingdom that they were not the Kabaka's subjects.

Prior to colonial rule Buganda had been rivalled by the neighbouring Bunyoro kingdom. Buganda had conquered parts of Bunyoro and the British colonialists had formalised this in the Buganda Agreements.

Known as the "lost counties", the people in these areas wished to revert to being part of Bunyoro. Obote decided to allow a referendum, which angered the Kabaka and most of the rest of Buganda.

The residents of the counties voted to return to Bunyoro despite the Kabaka's attempts to influence the vote. The tribal nature of Ugandan politics was also manifesting itself in government.

Obote surrounded himself with mainly northern politicians — A. Kirya, Matthias Ngobi. In time, the two factions acquired ethnic labels — "Bantu" the mainly Southern Ibingira faction and "Nilotic" the mainly Northern Obote faction.

The perception that the government was at war with the Bantu was further enhanced when Obote arrested and imprisoned the mainly Bantu ministers who backed Ibingira.

These labels brought into the mix two very powerful influences. First Buganda — the people of Buganda are Bantu and therefore naturally aligned to the Ibingira faction.

The Ibingira faction further advanced this alliance by accusing Obote of wanting to overthrow the Kabaka. Second — the security forces — the British colonialists had recruited the army and police almost exclusively from Northern Uganda due to their perceived suitability for these roles.

At independence, the army and police was dominated by northern tribes — mainly Nilotic. They would now feel more affiliated to Obote, and he took full advantage of this to consolidate his power.

In April , Obote passed out eight hundred new army recruits at Moroto , of whom seventy percent came from the Northern Region.

At the time there was a tendency to perceive central government and security forces as dominated by "northerners" — particularly the Acholi who through the UPC had significant access to government positions at national level.

The Bantu category for example includes both Buganda and Bunyoro — historically bitter rivals. The Nilotic label includes the Lugbara, Acholi and Langi who have bitter rivalries that were to define Uganda's military politics later.

The UPC fragmentation continued as opponents sensed Obote's vulnerability. At local level where the UPC dominated most councils discontent began to challenge incumbent council leaders.

Even in Obote's home district, attempts were made to oust the head of the local district council in A more worrying fact for the UPC was that the next national elections loomed in — and without the support of KY who were now likely to back the DP , and the growing factionalism in the UPC, there was the real possibility that the UPC would be out of power in months.

Obote went after KY with a new act of parliament in early that blocked any attempt by KY to expand outside Buganda. KY appeared to respond in parliament through one of their few remaining MPs, the terminally ill Daudi Ochieng.

Ochieng was an irony — although from Northern Uganda, he had risen high in the ranks of KY and become a close confidant to the Kabaka who had gifted him with large land titles in Buganda.

In Obote's absence from Parliament, Ochieng laid bare the illegal plundering of ivory and gold from the Congo that had been orchestrated by Obote's army chief of staff, Colonel Idi Amin.

He further alleged that Obote, Onama and Neykon had all benefited from the scheme. This shook the government and raised tensions in the country.

In March , Obote also announced that the offices of President and Vice-President would cease to exist — effectively dismissing the Kabaka.

Obote also gave Amin more power — giving him the Army Commander position over the previous holder Opolot who had relations to Buganda through marriage possibly believing Opolot would be reluctant to take military action against the Kabaka if it came to that.

Obote abolished the constitution and effectively suspended elections due in a few months. Obote went on television and radio to accuse the Kabaka of various offences including requesting foreign troops which appears to have been explored by the Kabaka following the rumours of Amin plotting a coup.

Obote further dismantled the authority of the Kabaka by announcing among other measures:. The lines were now drawn for a show down between Buganda and the Central government.

Historians may argue about whether this could have been avoided through compromise. This was unlikely as Obote now felt emboldened and saw the Kabaka as weak.

Indeed, by accepting the presidency four years earlier and siding with the UPC, the Kabaka had divided his people and taken the side of one against the other.

Within Buganda's political institutions, rivalries driven by religion and personal ambition made the institutions ineffective and unable to respond to the central government moves.

The Kabaka was often regarded as aloof and unresponsive to advice from the younger Buganda politicians who better understood the new post-Independence politics, unlike the traditionalists who were ambivalent to what was going on as long as their traditional benefits were maintained.

The Kabaka favoured the neo-traditionalists. In May , the Kabaka made his move. He asked for foreign help and the Buganda parliament demanded that the Uganda government leave Buganda including the capital, Kampala.

In response Obote ordered Idi Amin to attack the Kabaka's palace. The battle for the Kabaka's palace was fierce — the Kabaka's guards putting up more resistance that had been expected.

The British trained Captain — the Kabaka with about armed men kept Idi Amin at bay for twelve hours. The anticipated countryside uprising in Buganda did not materialise and a few hours later a beaming Obote met the press to relish his victory.

The Kabaka escaped over the palace walls and was transported into exile in London by supporters.

He died there three years later. In , following a power struggle between the Obote-led government and King Muteesa, Obote suspended the constitution and removed the ceremonial president and vice-president.

In , a new constitution proclaimed Uganda a republic and abolished the traditional kingdoms. Obote was declared the president. After a military coup on 25 January , Obote was deposed from power and General Idi Amin seized control of the country.

Amin ruled Uganda as dictator with the support of the military for the next eight years. An estimated 80,—, Ugandans lost their lives during his regime.

One hundred of the passengers originally on board were held hostage until an Israeli commando raid rescued them ten days later. Political parties in Uganda were restricted in their activities beginning that year, in a measure ostensibly designed to reduce sectarian violence.

In the non-party "Movement" system instituted by Museveni, political parties continued to exist, but they could operate only a headquarters office.

They could not open branches, hold rallies, or field candidates directly although electoral candidates could belong to political parties.

A constitutional referendum cancelled this nineteen-year ban on multi-party politics in July In the mid-to-late s, Museveni was lauded by western countries as part of a new generation of African leaders.

His presidency has been marred, however, by invading and occupying the Democratic Republic of the Congo during the Second Congo War , resulting in an estimated 5.

He has struggled for years in the civil war against the Lord's Resistance Army, which has been guilty of numerous crimes against humanity, including child slavery , the Atiak massacre , and other mass murders.

Conflict in northern Uganda has killed thousands and displaced millions. Museveni ran against several candidates, the most prominent of them being Kizza Besigye.

On 20 February , the Uganda Electoral Commission declared the incumbent president Yoweri Kaguta Museveni the winning candidate of the elections that were held on 18 February The opposition however, were not satisfied with the results, condemning them as full of sham and rigging.

According to the official results, Museveni won with 68 percent of the votes. This easily topped his nearest challenger, Besigye, who had been Museveni's physician and told reporters that he and his supporters "downrightly snub" the outcome as well as the unremitting rule of Museveni or any person he may appoint.

Besigye added that the rigged elections would definitely lead to an illegitimate leadership and that it is up to Ugandans to critically analyse this.

The European Union's Election Observation Mission reported on improvements and flaws of the Ugandan electoral process: "The electoral campaign and polling day were conducted in a peaceful manner [ Since August , hacktivist group Anonymous has threatened Ugandan officials and hacked official government websites over its anti-gay bills.

Indicators of a plan for succession by the president's son, Muhoozi Kainerugaba, have increased tensions. Some international trade organisations categorize Kenya as part of the Greater Horn of Africa [61].

Much of the south of the country is heavily influenced by one of the world's biggest lakes, Lake Victoria, which contains many islands.

Most important cities are located in the south, near this lake, including the capital Kampala and the nearby city of Entebbe.

Lake Kyoga is in the centre of the country and is surrounded by extensive marshy areas. Although landlocked, Uganda contains many large lakes.

Uganda lies almost completely within the Nile basin. It then runs northwards into South Sudan.

An area in eastern Uganda is drained by the Suam River , part of the internal drainage basin of Lake Turkana.

The extreme north-eastern part of Uganda drains into the Lotikipi Basin, which is primarily in Kenya.

The President of Uganda is both head of state and head of government. The president appoints a vice-president and a prime minister to aid him in governing.

The parliament is formed by the National Assembly , which has members. These include; constituency representatives, district woman representatives, 10 representatives of the Uganda Peoples Defence Forces, 5 representatives of the youth, 5 representatives of workers, 5 representatives of persons with disabilities and 18 ex-official members.

Transparency International has rated Uganda's public sector as one of the most corrupt in the world. In , Uganda ranked st worst out of and had a score of 25 on a scale from 0 perceived as most corrupt to perceived as clean.

Ugandan parliamentarians in earned 60 times what was earned by most state employees, and they sought a major increase.

This caused widespread criticism and protests, including the smuggling of two piglets into the parliament in June to highlight corruption amongst members of parliament.

The protesters, who were arrested, used the word "MPigs" to highlight their grievance. These funds were "earmarked as crucial support for rebuilding northern Uganda, ravaged by a year war, and Karamoja, Uganda's poorest region.

Widespread grand and petty corruption involving public officials and political patronage systems have also seriously affected the investment climate in Uganda.

One of the high corruption risk areas is the public procurement in which non-transparent under-the-table cash payments are often demanded from procurement officers.

What may ultimately compound this problem is the availability of oil. The Petroleum Bill, passed by parliament in and touted by the NRM as bringing transparency to the oil sector, has failed to please domestic and international political commentators and economists.

The Non-Governmental Organizations Amendment Act, passed in , has stifled the productivity of NGOs through erecting barriers to entry, activity, funding and assembly within the sector.

Burdensome and corrupt registration procedures i. Furthermore, the sector's freedom of speech has been continually infringed upon through the use of intimidation, and the recent Public Order Management Bill severely limiting freedom of assembly will only add to the government's stockpile of ammunition.

As of , Uganda is divided into districts. Municipal and town councils are designated in urban areas of districts. Political subdivisions in Uganda are officially served and united by the Uganda Local Governments Association ULGA , a voluntary and non-profit body which also serves as a forum for support and guidance for Ugandan sub-national governments.

Parallel with the state administration, five traditional Bantu kingdoms have remained, enjoying some degrees of mainly cultural autonomy.

Furthermore, some groups attempt to restore Ankole as one of the officially recognised traditional kingdoms, to no avail yet.

The number of military personnel in Uganda is estimated at 45, soldiers on active duty. The Uganda army is involved in several peacekeeping and combat missions in the region, with commentators noting that only the United States Armed Forces is deployed in more countries.

The number of internally displaced persons is estimated at 1. Torture continues to be a widespread practice amongst security organisations.

Attacks on political freedom in the country, including the arrest and beating of opposition members of parliament, have led to international criticism, culminating in May in a decision by the British government to withhold part of its aid to the country.

The arrest of the main opposition leader Kizza Besigye and the siege of the High Court during a hearing of Besigye's case by heavily armed security forces — before the February elections — led to condemnation.

Child labour is common in Uganda. Many child workers are active in agriculture. The US Committee for Refugees and Immigrants reported several violations of refugee rights in , including forcible deportations by the Ugandan government and violence directed against refugees.

Torture and extrajudicial killings have been a pervasive problem in Uganda in recent years. For instance, according to a US State Department report, "the African Center for Treatment and Rehabilitation for Torture Victims registered allegations of torture against police, against the UPDF, 1 against military police, 23 against the Special Investigations Unit, against unspecified security personnel, and 24 against prison officials" between January and September Riots occurred and over 40 people were killed while others remain imprisoned to this date.

Furthermore, 9 more people were killed during the April "Walk to Work" demonstrations. According to the Humans Rights Watch World Report on Uganda, the government has failed to investigate the killings associated with both of these events.

In , a Ugandan newspaper, the Red Pepper , published a list of allegedly gay men, many of whom suffered harassment as a result.

On 9 October , the Ugandan newspaper Rolling Stone published a front-page article titled " Pictures of Uganda's Top Homos Leak" that listed the names, addresses, and photographs of homosexuals alongside a yellow banner that read "Hang Them".

This publication attracted international attention and criticism from human rights organisations, such as Amnesty International , [88] No Peace Without Justice [89] and the International Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Trans and Intersex Association.

In , the Ugandan parliament considered an Anti-Homosexuality Bill that would have broadened the criminalisation of homosexuality by introducing the death penalty for people who have previous convictions, or are HIV-positive, and engage in same-sex sexual acts.

The bill also included provisions for Ugandans who engage in same-sex sexual relations outside of Uganda, asserting that they may be extradited back to Uganda for punishment, and included penalties for individuals, companies, media organisations, or non-governmental organisations that support legal protection for homosexuality or sodomy.

The private member's bill was submitted by MP David Bahati in Uganda on 14 October , and was believed to have had widespread support in the Uganda parliament.

The death penalty was dropped in the final legislation. The law was widely condemned by the international community. Denmark, the Netherlands, and Sweden said they would withhold aid.

The Bank of Uganda is the central bank of Uganda and handles monetary policy along with the printing of the Ugandan shilling.

The country has been experiencing consistent economic growth. In fiscal year —16, Uganda recorded gross domestic product growth of 4.

This compares to 5. The country has largely untapped reserves of both crude oil and natural gas. Economic growth has not always led to poverty reduction.

Despite an average annual growth of 2. With the Uganda securities exchanges established in , several equities have been listed.

The government has used the stock market as an avenue for privatisation. All government treasury issues are listed on the securities exchange.

Uganda traditionally depends on Kenya for access to the Indian Ocean port of Mombasa. Efforts have intensified to establish a second access route to the sea via the lakeside ports of Bukasa in Uganda and Musoma in Tanzania, connected by railway to Arusha in the Tanzanian interior and to the port of Tanga on the Indian Ocean.

Uganda has a large diaspora, residing mainly in the United States and the United Kingdom. This diaspora has contributed enormously to Uganda's economic growth through remittances and other investments especially property.

The Ugandan Bureau of Statistics announced inflation was 4. Since the s, the economy in Uganda is growing.

Real gross domestic product GDP grew at an average of 6. Uganda is one of the poorest nations in the world. In , People in rural areas of Uganda depend on farming as the main source of income and 90 per cent of all rural women work in the agricultural sector.

The average Ugandan woman spends 9 hours a day on domestic tasks, such as preparing food and clothing, fetching water and firewood, and caring for the elderly, the sick as well as orphans.

As such, women on average work longer hours than men, between 12 and 18 hours per day, with a mean of 15 hours, as compared to men, who work between 8 and 10 hours a day.

To supplement their income, rural women may engage in small-scale entrepreneurial activities such as rearing and selling local breeds of animals.

Nonetheless, because of their heavy workload, they have little time for these income-generating activities. The poor cannot support their children at school and in most cases, girls drop out of school to help out in domestic work or to get married.

Other girls engage in sex work. As a result, young women tend to have older and more sexually experienced partners and this puts women at a disproportionate risk of getting affected by HIV, accounting for about 57 per cent of all adults living with HIV in Uganda.

Maternal health in rural Uganda lags behind national policy targets and the Millennium Development Goals , with geographical inaccessibility, lack of transport and financial burdens identified as key demand-side constraints to accessing maternal health services; [] as such, interventions like intermediate transport mechanisms have been adopted as a means to improve women's access to maternal health care services in rural regions of the country.

Gender inequality is the main hindrance to reducing women's poverty. Women are subjected to an overall lower social status than men.

For many women, this reduces their power to act independently, participate in community life, become educated and escape reliance upon abusive men.

There are 35 airports in Uganda. Commercial airlines operate scheduled passenger services out of four airports.

In the airport traffic hit 1. Road transportation is the most important way of transportation in Uganda. The road network in Uganda is approx.

There are seven telecommunications companies serving over 21 million subscribers [] in a population of over 34 million.

The total mobile and fixed telephony subscriptions increased from over 20 million to over 21 million yielding an increment of over 1.

In the s, the majority of energy in Uganda came from charcoal and wood. According to a published report, the Ugandan water supply and sanitation sector had made substantial progress in urban areas since the mids, with substantial increases in coverage as well as in operational and commercial performance.

Although these reforms have attracted significant international attention, 38 percent of the population still had no access to an improved water source in Concerning access to improved sanitation , figures have varied widely.

According to government figures, it was 70 percent in rural areas and 81 percent in urban areas in , [] while according to UN figures it was only 34 percent.

At the census, Uganda had a literacy rate of There were eight physicians per , persons in the early s. Life expectancy at birth was estimated to be In July , there was an Ebola outbreak in the Kibaale District of the country.

The Health Ministry announced on 16 August that three people had died in northern Uganda from a suspected outbreak of Congo Crimean Hemorrhagic Fever.

Uganda has been among the rare HIV success stories. Less than half of all sexually active unmarried women use a modern contraceptive method, a fraction that as barely changed from to In Uganda, the Allied Democratic Forces is considered a violent rebel force that opposes the Ugandan government.

Uganda Vision vows to strengthen the private sector, improve education and training, modernise infrastructure and the underdeveloped services and agriculture sectors, foster industrialisation and promote good governance, among other goals.

Potential areas for economic development include oil and gas, tourism, minerals and information and communication technologies ICTs.

Research funding climbed between and from 0. This represents a leap from 44 to 83 researchers per million inhabitants over the same period.

One in four researchers is a woman. Uganda has been able to manufacture prototype of cars called kiira in which the government invested 70usd.

Uganda's population grew from 9. With respect to the last inter-censal period September , the population increased by There were about 80, Indians in Uganda before Idi Amin required the expulsion of Ugandan-Asians mostly of Indian origin in , which reduced the population to as low as 7, Many Indians, however, returned to Uganda after Amin's fall ouster in Around 90 percent of Ugandan Indians reside in Kampala.

Swahili , a widely used language throughout the African Great Lakes region, was approved as the country's second official national language in Although Swahili has not been favoured by the Bantu-speaking populations of the south and south-west of the country, it is an important lingua franca in the northern regions.

It is also widely used in the police and military forces, which may be a historical result of the disproportionate recruitment of northerners into the security forces during the colonial period.

The status of Swahili has thus alternated with the political group in power. The Roman Catholic Church had the largest number of adherents Adventist and other Protestant churches claimed most of the remaining Christians, although there was also a small Eastern Orthodox community.

The remainder of the population according to the census followed traditional religions 0. Owing to the large number of communities, culture within Uganda is diverse.

Many Asians mostly from India who were expelled during the regime of Idi Amin have returned to Uganda. Football is the national sport in Uganda.

Their best finish in the African Cup of Nations was second in As of [update] , Uganda at the Olympics has won a total of two gold, three silver, and two bronze medals; four of which were in boxing and three in athletics.

Uganda at the Commonwealth Games has collected 13 gold medals and a total 49 medals, all in boxing and athletics. The Uganda national boxing team is called The Bombers.

At the Summer Olympics in Munich, he won the m hurdles race with a world record time of Dorcus Inzikuru won the m steeplechase at the World Championships and the Commonwealth Games.

Stephen Kiprotich has won the marathon at the Summer Olympics in London and the World Championships , and finished second at the Tokyo Marathon.

Halimah Nakaayi won the meters race at the World Championships. The country has an increasingly successful national basketball team.

The Ugandan film industry is relatively young. It is developing quickly, but still faces an assortment of challenges. However filmmakers struggle against the competing markets from other countries on the continent such as those in Nigeria and South Africa in addition to the big budget films from Hollywood.

The first publicly recognised film that was produced solely by Ugandans was Feelings Struggle , which was directed and written by Hajji Ashraf Ssemwogerere in The local film industry is polarised between two types of filmmakers.

The first are filmmakers who use the Nollywood video film era 's guerrilla approach to film making, churning out a picture in around two weeks and screening it in makeshift video halls.

The second is the filmmaker who has the film aesthetic, but with limited funds has to depend on the competitive scramble for donor cash. Though cinema in Uganda is evolving it still faces major challenges.

Along with technical problems such as refining acting and editing skills, there are issues regarding funding and lack of government support and investment.

There are no schools in the country dedicated to film, banks do not extend credit to film ventures, and distribution and marketing of movies remains poor.

The Uganda Communications Commission UCC is preparing regulations starting in that require Ugandan television to broadcast 70 percent Ugandan content and of this, 40 percent to be independent productions.

With the emphasis on Ugandan Film and the UCC regulations favouring Ugandan productions for mainstream television, Ugandan film may become more prominent and successful in the near future.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Landlocked country in eastern central Africa. For other uses, see Uganda disambiguation.

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January See also: Energy in Uganda. Main article: Water supply and sanitation in Uganda. Main article: Education in Uganda.

Means for securing property rights, though, are changing rapidly, especially in urban and peri-urban areas where rental became increasingly common in the s.

Registration allows these landholders to convert these rights into freehold land rights, and there is a high demand for registration, although few have completed the process.

Customary land tenure systems are biased against women. Figures on forest coverage vary, but, according to the government, forests cover 4.

Seventy percent of the forests are on private land. While private forests are an important source of construction materials and fuel, they are reportedly being replaced by agriculture and urban uses.

There is also significant pressure on state-managed forests and concerns that current management approaches are not effective enough.

The Constitution is silent on ownership of minerals, but a constitutional amendment vested all control of minerals and petroleum in the government.

The Mineral Policy of lays out development goals for the mineral sector, recognizing the potential importance of mineral exploitation for national income and employment, and allowing for private including artisanal investments.

A series of Petroleum Acts provides guidance on the development of that sector; two new bills are being developed to address other matters, including revenue management and allocation.

Donors can help by: making experienced global analysts available for consultation with public and private organizations on property rights and resource governance issues; supporting local policy analysis and legislative drafting efforts; and ensuring that public education, outreach, and awareness initiatives are adequately supported.

The decentralized structure for land administration has only been in place a decade or so; support and training for its effective functioning in managing conflicts between customary tenure rules and those associated with freehold and mailo a customary form of freehold land tenure are essential.

With improved security in northern Uganda, displaced people have begun moving away from the refugee camps and returning to their home territories.

In many cases, their traditional lands have been occupied by others who now claim the land, and competing claims need to be resolved.

The abilities of the Land Registry, District land boards and land tribunals to support the peaceful resettlement of the refugees are likely to need strengthening.

In other areas, combined pressures for forest conservation and agricultural cultivation have pushed indigenous groups off their land.

The Batwa, Benet and other indigenous peoples have been dispossessed of their land in this fashion; adjudication of their claims may need to be accompanied by plans for compensation in the event that restitution is not feasible.

There is need for support to strengthen key government agencies with property rights responsibilities to address these conflicts, and to employ sound methods for arriving at appropriate land valuations and compensation plans to resolve unsettled claims.

Uganda has fertile soils and abundant natural resources. Control of productive land is inequitably distributed across the regions, between income groups and by gender.

The Constitution vests land in the citizens and recognizes four historic forms of land tenure— customary, leasehold, freehold, and mailo a customary form of freehold land.

Uganda has significant water resources, but these resources are not evenly distributed across the landscape. The Director of Water Development grants surface water and groundwater permits; discharge is prohibited without permit.

Forests cover 4. All commercial operations in Central Forest Reserves must be licensed. Commercially-viable quantities of oil have recently been discovered in western Uganda.

In , a Constitutional amendment was passed that vests the ownership of minerals and petroleum in the government. The exploration and exploitation of minerals requires a license; a separate permit is required to utilize natural water resources for mining.

Drilling for oil or natural gas requires a Petroleum Production License. Uganda covers , square kilometers—, square kilometers of land.

Arable land comprises Uganda has abundant water, forests and other natural resources and ecosystems. In , agriculture accounted for about Uganda has a total labor force of Land is not used optimally or, in many cases, sustainably; land degradation is a major concern, caused by the draining of wetlands, deforestation, overgrazing, and soil erosion.

The control of productive land is highly concentrated and unequally distributed across the regions, between income groups and by gender see Box 2.

Land inequality is highest in the central region, and is higher in urban areas than in rural areas. Mailo land a customary form of freehold land given by the British colonialists to the Buganda kingdom resulted in inequity that remains today Green Central Uganda is characterized by unequal distribution of land inheritance, rural-rural migration, and active land markets; Gini coefficients range from 0.

The — indigenous Batwa former hunters and gatherers in Uganda have been almost entirely dispossessed of their land by the combined pressures of conservation and cultivators MRG The uneven distribution of land has contributed to conflicts, especially involving pastoralists and internally-displaced people.

Some scholars and advocates have argued that the principle of public trust applies to all national resources and public land.

The Land Act recognizes the four historic forms of land tenure in Uganda customary, leasehold, freehold, and mailo ; grants all lawful and bona fide occupiers legally defined property rights; decentralizes land administration; and establishes land tribunals.

The National Land Use Policy provides guidelines on effective land use for socio-economic development and on minimizing land degradation.

In January , the government issued a third draft of the National Land Policy, which attempts to address all aspects of land in the national development context.

The draft policy was vetted for review and comments, and a fourth working draft was released by the Ministry of Lands, Housing and Urban Development in September The Land Amendment Bill enhances the security of bona fide and lawful occupants.

Under the proposed bill, a person claiming an interest in land held under customary tenure can only be evicted by a court order; and tenants on registered land can only be evicted for non-payment of rent.

The Bill has generated strong opposition from landlords, some parliamentarians, the Buganda, Acholi and other ethnic groups, bankers, many churches, NGOs, and citizens who argue that it will weaken property rights and jeopardize the ability of landowner to use lands as collateral for loans.

The bill was passed in November Customary systems also vary in how members access, use, manage, and transfer land.

Little land is held under registered freehold tenure and most of this land is found in the former Ankole, Toro, Kigezi, and Bugisu Districts.

Transactions involving freehold land as well as mailo land registration are governed by the Registration of Titles Act.

Mailo is a customary form of freehold. Land held under mailo tenure about square miles is confined to Buganda central Uganda and Bunyoro western Uganda.

The British colonialists allocated mile-square blocks of land to Baganda notables in exchange for political cooperation.

Today, most people occupying mailo land are tenants Green ; Place and Keijiro A person or institution can obtain a lease from an owner of freehold, customary or mailo land or from the Uganda Land Commission or the Crown of England before independence for a period of 49 or 99 years.

The grantee of a lease is entitled to a certificate of title. Leases of private land often have conditions of payment of rent while leases over public land have conditions of use.

Owners of freehold land have considerable rights to use or dispose of their land. There are also local restrictions on the use of customary land.

Most rural land acquisition is by inheritance following traditional customs Tukahirwa Much urban land for housing and business is acquired by lease.

Limited access to serviced-industrial land e. Local investors planning to develop on customary land first purchase the land from the holder, on terms recognized by the traditional authorities, and then apply for registration of new rights with the government.

Foreign private entities can access land through leasehold but are restricted from owning land Tukahirwa Most rural people have security in their land through customary tenure.

All citizens owning land under customary tenure may acquire certificates of ownership, and all customary land may be converted to freehold land by registration.

There are 13 steps to registering property which take days to complete and cost several million Uganda Shillings Ush World Bank a; b.

Most unregistered land is undocumented customary land. The majority of poor people do not hold granted rights of occupancy, often because they lack the knowledge, capacity, and resources needed to navigate the application process and meet the title conditions.

Unregistered land is vulnerable to expropriation by the government and grabbing by political and economic elites—an increasingly common occurrence.

Women are handicapped by formal and customary land systems see Box 3. These laws, however, do not adequately protect the property rights of women.

Often these rights are over-powered by cultural and traditional practices. Land is mainly lost in land-grabbing by relatives of the deceased husband, although other factors, such as distress sale, often come into play Kafumbe ; Kabumbuli et al.

Moreover, the limited land that women hold under customary tenure is not secure and by traditional rules is vulnerable to expropriation Leistikow In many communities, widows are an exception—their claims on land are often taken into account.

This pattern of exclusion also operates with regard to freehold, mailo and leasehold land. In contrast, many women elite have purchased their land.

Such land is often titled and secure. The Land Act provides a legislative framework for equitable ownership of land. Under the Act: 1 all customs that prevent women and children from inheriting land are null and void; 2 Land Committees are required to protect the interests of women, children and persons with disabilities; 3 women are represented on the Land Committees and Land Tribunals; and 4 written consent of a spouse is required before transfer of land on which the family resides or derives sustenance.

Implementation of this amendment has been weak and problematic. The amendment of the Land Act removed the requirement for consent of land transfers from dependent children.

The Uganda Land Commission holds and manages all land vested in or acquired by the government. It maintains records of leases on state land, and is engaged in the acquisition and allocation of public land to the private sector for investment purposes.

District Land Boards hold and allocate land that is not owned in the district, and facilitate the registration and transfer of interests in land.

In urban areas, land committees play an advisory role to the District Land Boards. Several line ministries and government agencies are responsible for certain lands, such as the Uganda Wildlife Authority and the National Forestry Authority which have jurisdiction over protected areas.

The Uganda Land Registry Ministry of Water, Lands and Environment is responsible for registering land, issuing title deeds, and maintaining records of land transactions.

In , the government privatized land surveying. In , Uganda had only 27 registered land surveyors Bakama The limited number of registered surveyors and high costs of surveying have contributed to few rural land holders registering their land.

Land tribunals may be created at both the district and sub-county level, with appeal to the High Court ODI Land tribunals have jurisdiction over disputes relating to: 1 the grant, lease, repossession, transfer or acquisition of land by individuals, the Uganda Land Commission or other land authority; and 2 the amount of compensation paid for land.

Due to problems of implementation and a long backlog of cases, all land tribunals were suspended in December Productive land is scarce and land values are increasing.

With the recent discovery of oil, land values are going up in western Uganda. The price of land free of tenants or squatters is higher than that of occupied land.

Policymakers have proposed a land tax to curtail land speculation. Research shows that: 1 land markets are active in Uganda; 2 rental market activity has increased with economic growth; 3 land rental markets more than sales markets transfer land to poor producers and provide an opportunity for the landless to access land; and 4 sales markets do not appear to lead to land concentration Baland et al.

Major banks issue formal loans for freehold, leasehold, and mailo land titles. Certificates of customary ownership are proof of title, but in practice, most banks do not recognize them.

The land markets are not guided by formal rules and regulations; there are few developers and real estates agents.

Land markets are characterized by unstable often inflated prices, distress land sales, and considerable fraud. Customary practices are usually followed when land is transferred.

The government has sought unsuccessfully, to date to amend the Constitution and enabling legislation to grant the president the authority to acquire private land in a compulsory manner for economic development purposes Sserwanga The government has sought unsuccessfully, to date to change the law to allow the president to acquire land without first paying compensation GOU b; Tumushabe and Bainomugisha b.

By law, any person aggrieved by the compulsory acquisition of land may petition the court for redress.

In practice, few poor people have access to courts. Land conflicts are common throughout the country. Land cases are the most common disputes brought to local courts or legal assistance projects in many parts of the country Levine and Adoko There is growing conflict between tenants and landlords.

The Land Amendment Bill is designed to protect tenants from illegal evictions. There is conflict over the use of public lands, especially lands in the protected estate.

The government is increasingly eyeing such land for economic development purposes. Land-grabbing and land speculation are on the rise in some parts of the country, including in the oil regions in western Uganda.

There is a reassertion of interest in land by some ethnic groups, initially through struggles for restoration of properties to traditional authorities deprived of them by previous governments Espeland Traditional authorities have always sought to maintain their control over land and resources, and tribe and clan-based claims to land remain strong throughout Uganda, yet there are renewed and stronger claims being made in many areas.

During the conflict in northern Uganda, the government ordered civilians into camps. With improved security, these people have begun moving away from the camps.

The traditional lands of many of these displaced peoples were occupied by others. These occupiers now claim the land Locke ; ANS Many of the old boundaries have been lost or forgotten.

Others are making fraudulent claims to land; landowners in these areas say they face a growing threat from attempts to grab land illegally.

Conflict-resolution institutions are weak and dispute-resolution mechanisms are lacking. Traditional institutions resolve conflicts in many rural regions.

Pastoralists and tenure issues related to grazing are receiving growing attention Hetz et al. There have been conflicts over pasture and water access in central Uganda, as landowners have fenced their holdings, excluding herders who had access rights under customary agreements.

The government is leading a number of policy and legislative reform efforts, including the development of a new National Land Policy and a Land Amendment Bill.

District land boards have been established and appointed but lack the experience and resources to function effectively. Parish land commissions and recorders are not in place.

The government is constructing a land office in each district Ultimate Media As noted, all land tribunals were suspended in December due to problems of implementation and a long backlog of cases.

There have been calls to reinstate tribunals. Registry offices are outdated and ill-equipped; most registration actions and measures must go to Kampala or Entebbe for approval.

The Registry is inefficient and operates with little transparency; there is rampant land title forgery. In , the World Bank developed a Second Private Sector Competitiveness Project to: 1 rehabilitate existing land records and upgrade un-surveyed mailo titles; 2 establish a Land Information System; and 3 strengthen the capacity of public institutions World Bank c.

In , USAID launched a new initiative to help resettle displaced people in the north; the project was halted for various reasons. A number of local NGOs e.

The mission of the Uganda Land Alliance, a consortium of individuals, and national and international NGOs, is to promote policies and laws that enhance access, control, and ownership of land by poor and marginalized people ILC Uganda has an abundance of water resources.

There are an estimated , protected and unprotected springs. Annual rainfall is in the range of — millimeters Syngellakis and Arudo Groundwater is the main source of water for rural populations and is also important for livestock, particularly in dry regions.

Aquifers are comparatively low-yielding with a limited areal extent and poor hydraulic characteristics.

In , total water withdrawal was million cubic meters m3 0. Domestic use accounted for million m3; irrigation and livestock for million m3; and industry for 46 million m3 Syngellakis and Arudo Small-scale irrigation is practiced in the east and northeast and is generally confined to paddy rice.

High-value crops e.

Land Uganda Dezember englisch. Der Prozentsatz von Personen Beste Spielothek Les Paquis 15 Jahren, die eine kurze, einfache Aussage zu ihrem alltäglichen Leben mit Click here lesen und schreiben können. Insgesamt Seine Regenwälder beherbergen u. Nach den Ergebnissen der Volkszählung leben Gleichgeschlechtliche sexuelle Beziehungen sind in Uganda seit der Kolonialzeit strafbar. In Uganda leben ca. Etwa Diese Möglichkeit ist link immer verfügbar. Gute Regierungsführung Das Bundesentwicklungsministerium unterstützt die ugandische Regierung dabei, das öffentliche Verwaltungshandeln transparenter zu gestalten, Rechenschaftspflichten zu erfüllen, Eigeneinnahmen zu erhöhen und die Korruption zu bekämpfen.

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Tauramar says:

ist mit der vorhergehenden Mitteilung gar nicht einverstanden

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